This prototype is utilizing FARS data from 2006; the most currently available. The database for 2006 contains 38,588 accidents, which resulted in 42,642 fatalities, involved 57,943 vehicles and 98,040 people.
The mission of the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) is to make vehicle crash information accessible and useful so that traffic safety can be improved. Fatality information derived from FARS includes motor vehicle traffic crashes that result in the death of an occupant of a vehicle or a non-motorist within 30 days of the crash. FARS contains data on all fatal traffic crashes within the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration contracts with an agency in each state to provide information on fatal crashes. FARS analysts are state employees who extract the information and enter it into a standard format. Data on fatal motor vehicle traffic crashes are gathered from each state’s source documents and are coded on standard FARS forms. Analysts obtain the documents needed to complete the FARS forms, which generally include the following:
· Police Accident Reports
· State vehicle registration files
· State driver licensing files
· State Highway Department data
· Vital Statistics
· Death certificates
· Coroner/Medical examiner reports
· Hospital medical records
· Emergency medical service reports
To be included in FARS, a crash must involve a motor vehicle traveling on a traffic way customarily open to the public, and result in the death of a person (either an occupant of a vehicle or a non-motorist) within 30 days of the crash. Each case has more than 100 coded data elements that characterize the crash, the vehicles, and the people involved. All data elements are contained in three major files – Accident, Vehicle, and Person.